Ep 35: Not Your Father’s Retirement

On This Episode

If you’re of the age that your mom and dad retired 20 or 30 years ago, the world was a much different place when they walked away from their paychecks. Let’s talk about how things are different now.

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Check out all the episodes by clicking here.

 

Disclaimer:

PFG Private Wealth Management, LLC is an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Information presented is for educational purposes only and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any specific securities, investments, or investment strategies. The topics and information discussed during this podcast are not intended to provide tax or legal advice. Investments involve risk, and unless otherwise stated, are not guaranteed. Be sure to first consult with a qualified financial advisor and/or tax professional before implementing any strategy discussed on this podcast. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. Insurance products and services are offered and sold through individually licensed and appointed insurance agents.

Here is a transcript of today’s episode:

 

Speaker 1: Hey everybody. Welcome into the podcast. It’s Retirement Planning Redefined with John and Nick from PFG Private Wealth. Hanging out with me to talk about this being not our father’s retirement now. That’s our podcast topic this week, not your father’s not our fathers, whatever you want to say, we’re going to go into this conversation about how things are so much different even just 20 years ago when it comes to retirement. And some things to think about before we walk away from that paycheck. And there’s a lot that’s obviously changed and obviously we’re seeing a lot of turmoil coming off of COVID and things of that nature. So there’s a lot of good topical stuff in here for us to discuss, but let’s jump in and say hi to the guys first, Nick, what’s going on, buddy? How are you doing?

 


Nick: Pretty well, staying busy.

 


Speaker 1: Staying busy. Well, that’s always good. John, how are you, my friend? Last time we talked you were having some troubles with the kids. Everybody not sleeping and things like that. Doing better?

 


John: Yeah, for the most part, actually, I don’t know if I’ve mentioned it. We got them to share a room which has helped their sleeping habits a bit. So we’ve been sleeping through the night. So it’s been a few years, my friend, of consistent nights of sleeping.

 


Speaker 1: There you go.

 


John: Starting to feel pretty good again.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah, I like that. Well, very good. So you never know what’s going to make the trigger there. So I’m glad to hear that. Do you guys remember these commercials? I’m a little bit older than you, but I know a lot of our listeners might remember these as well, if you guys don’t. But back, maybe late ’70s, early ’80s, Oldsmobile was trying to rebrand and make the Oldsmobile a little bit cooler. And so they had these commercials and it would always say things like, “It’s not your father’s Oldsmobile.” You guys remember those at all?

 


Nick: I do actually.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah. And so they would try to rebrand it that way. So that’s kind of the idea I had for today’s conversation. It’s not our father’s retirement. My dad retired in ’93. He passed away in ’96. So he didn’t have a very long retirement, but even just the principles and some of the things are completely different here 30 years later.

 


Speaker 1: So let’s talk about a couple of these things and how the world’s changed and how really planning has also changed and what you guys do and what folks need to consider when they get closer to retirement. First of all, the concept of retirement is not actually that old, a hundred years ago you didn’t retire. You worked until you dropped. Right? So really retirement’s only been around since, the idea of it really since the late ’30s, ’40s, ’50s, ’60s, so on and so forth. And it was this thing where you got to 65, you retired, you were done. Maybe you sat on the front porch and did little, but nowadays more and more people work beyond 65. They want to, not just have to, they want to, and that’s okay. Right? There’s nothing wrong with that.

 


John: Yeah. I would definitely, we see that in our office here, Bob Perry’s 76, 77, he’s still working. We joke that his wife won’t let him retire, but he really enjoys coming in and the environment here and just being with everyone, it gives him stuff to do and he provides a lot of insight for us as well. So it’s great to have him around so I could see where in his situation or other people’s, if they’re somewhere they enjoy, what’s the point of retiring if you enjoy it?

 


Speaker 1: Right. Exactly. And not only that, Nick, but a lot of times people, again, they just want to do some other things and maybe you don’t need the full job income, like you used to have, the big career, but maybe you do need a little extra money to help with the plan or something, but it’s just a way to kind of have some fun and maybe make a little extra scratch on the side.

 


Nick: Yeah. I think ultimately what happens is that almost one analogy to think about, you see things like football players, baseball players, et cetera. Here you have people that retire early, they maybe have a career 5 to 10, maybe 15 years. And obviously their situation is a little bit different from a perspective of the money that they’re retiring with and the bandwidth they have to route the time between retirement and their life expectancy. However, there’s probably a little bit more similarities than people realize where ultimately when you see interviews with people like that, the things that you hear them talk about are missing the structure, missing the comradery, coworkers slash teammates, those sorts of things.

 


Nick: So, there’s actually a lot of similarities and it’s almost keeping that sort of structure and help keep my mind sharp, keep people engaged. We definitely see patterns from the perspective of, there are some people that they do a great job of having hobbies and they know that when they retire, they’ve got a list of things that they want to do, whether it’s travel, whether it’s hobbies, whether it’s a small sort of business. And then you have people that really struggle. And I was having this conversation actually with my parents this weekend. My dad is a retired fireman, but he’s been working, he had his own small business for the last maybe 15 years. So he retired as a fireman really early.

 


Nick: My mom’s a nurse. She works a couple days a week now, but she’s looking to slow down. And my dad was talking about a friend of his, maybe like 10 years older, that still does some work because he can’t just sit around, he’s got to stay busy. And my dad was like, “Well, he needs hobbies.” And I said, “No, you need some hobbies. You don’t have any hobbies.” And he looked at me like, “I had never really thought about that before.” And we’ve had different conversations, but the point that I’m trying to make is a lot of times, we look at other people, we look at other situations and we perceive ourselves in a different way. And sometimes just taking that self inventory and asking ourselves these sorts of questions, it really is important because there’s many more similarities that we realize. So…

 


Speaker 1: Yeah.

 


Nick: So we’ve tasked my nieces who are younger to help, start coming up with some hobbies for my father, their grandfather, to keep him sharp and engaged. So…

 


Speaker 1: Well, I think we went through this cycle. Like I mentioned earlier, a hundred years ago you just worked until you dropped. And then we said, “Oh, we can do this thing called retirement.” And then people started retiring and sitting around and doing nothing. And then you wither away that way too. So I think we’ve now started to learn over this past a hundred years that, okay, it’s got to be a bit of both. You, you work really hard, you get to retirement, you hit retirement, but you still need to be active. You still need to do things and have things that interest you, if you want to just sit on the front porch and make wicker baskets, then that’s great, do that, if that’s what you want, but more and more people are-

 


John: Real quick, Nick loves making wicker baskets.

 


Speaker 1: Does he really? I got to get one now, I need a custom wicker basket.

 


Nick: No wicker baskets.

 


Speaker 1: Oh man, just crushed my dreams right there. But anyway, I think that’s a really great point is having something to retire to. Now, the next point on this guys, is being retired, it can be more expensive nowadays than working. So, we used to see that 20% less is what you need in retirement. Well, that might not be the case now. And we’ve just been having conversations as well about inflation and stuff. So it can be quite expensive to retire if you’re not careful.

 


Nick: It absolutely can. Especially depending on where you live from the perspective of the things that you may be looking to get into or do. I live in a downtown area in St. Pete and I absolutely see how, anybody that lives in this space, all you have to do is walk down the street to grab a coffee, to grab a lunch and depending upon your lifestyle, you’ve just got more time on your hands to do the things that you want to do. So, so why wouldn’t it be more expensive if we’re just doing these things more often, more frequently, so it can definitely be the case. And that’s even from a discretionary standpoint, let alone the health care costs and all the things that people do to stay healthier, stay more engaged, live longer, all those sorts of things.

 


Nick: And ultimately, one of the things that we’ll have conversations with people, sometimes people come in with an open mind thinking like, “Hey, this might be happening. I may spend more money.” Other times we have people that they’re absolutely convinced, ” No I’m going to spend 50%, 60% of what I spent before.” And that’s sometimes the question to them is, “Why would you? Is that what you want to do? Or is this just something that you read?” Because I would guess ultimately you want to enjoy what you’ve saved up for and worked hard for. So, at what point in life or maybe even in the last 30 years, one of the questions, at one point in the last 30 years, have you lived only for needs and realistically here in the U.S That’s for most people that’s not too common, ultimately we live in the things that we bought. We enjoy the times that we want to spend with others, all those sorts of things. So, that’s an important conversation to have.

 


Speaker 1: No, I definitely agree with you there. John, retirees are facing more problems than ever too. Well society, we’re all facing more problems than ever before, social media, so on and so forth. Just the inundation of information, but longevity, I think maybe longevity guys might be a key to this whole conversation today because it magnifies all of these things. And that’s certainly going to be the case when juggling more problems because we’re living longer, so much longer, the body’s able, we’re figuring out lots of great ways to keep the body going, but sometimes we’re having some difficulties when it comes to the mental side, dementia is on the rise, things of that nature. And that gets pretty costly.

 


John: Yeah. Yeah. Previously we talked about retirement changing, people had pensions which lasted for their life. And the shift has been away from pensions to putting the responsibility on the individual where now they have just basically savings, whether it’s cash or investments or whatever, but now you need to be very cautious, we have to be very careful that that’s going to last you 30 plus years. And that’s why it’s important to have the plan to make sure that your money is going to last throughout retirement, which is really the biggest concern for retirees. Some other things we’ve seen popping up more recently and we’ve just dealt with this with a client where their they’re aging parents, they were providing financial assistance for their parents in assisted living facilities and things like that, or having helpers.

 


John: So I have one client where they’re were assisting their parents with that. So they weren’t really going on vacation and enjoying their time. And then the parent passed away and then with everything that’s happened recently, their son lost a job and then they were not helping out their son with expenses. So it was a double whammy for them is that they can’t truly enjoy retirement because they’re helping family members out, which again, no one plans for this, you just happen in this situation, but it’s something that you always want to keep track of.

 


Nick: Yeah. That’s kind of that sandwich generation that they talk about a little bit and it really started coming to the forefront back during the recession, ’08, ’09, ’10, where there was a lot of kids coming out of college, couldn’t get jobs, parents aging, all these sorts of things. So I would say baby boomers definitely have their hands full with all the different things that they have to juggle. And so having peace of mind of having that plan in place and understanding how their money is going to work in retirement is more important than ever.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah. Well, and like I said, longevity is probably the key to this whole conversation. So we have to sell fun. Right? We don’t have pensions now. Well, not many do. Right? So I think something like 15% or less of the population has pensions. It’s an interesting statistic, but we’re talking 30, 40 years. I was just chatting with somebody yesterday, guys who they’re 72 and their mom and dad both are still alive. They’re in their 90s and they’re also dealing with helping their 40 year old children. So there’s a lot in this to unpack.

 


Nick: Yeah. Yeah. We see it all the time. We see it all the time and it can be pretty stressful. And a lot of times what we’ll try to do and go through with people and this even ties into some other previous podcasts, that we’ll have from the perspective of, “Hey, my kids are looking to buy a house. I want to give them money for a down payment.” And we’ll talk about things like, “All right, well, where does that money have to come from? How does it impact your overall plan?”

 


Nick: So we try to walk it through and we try, we joke where we try not to be the money police and tell people what they can and can’t do, but we just help them understand the impact of their decisions and trying to make sure that they do it from a perspective of viewing their retirement first and making sure that they’re okay because they also don’t want to be a burden down the line for their kids. So it can be a really slippery slope and making sure that the decisions that are made along the way position them to be able to help, but it can be difficult, especially like you said, planning for that 30, 40 year retirement.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah, definitely. And it’s a situation where we’re just going to continue to see more of it. So having a good strategy, having a good plan is going to be paramount to getting through all these hurdles and things that we’ve got going on. Because I imagine at the end of the day, nobody comes in and says, “Hey, I’d like to have less of a lifestyle than I have now in retirement.” No one wants to go backwards. So you want to make sure that you are having those conversations to move yourself forward or at least maintain into retirement. So that’s our topic this week. So we all know things are different than they were 20 or 30 years ago. But when you really start dissecting it, especially from a financial standpoint, there’s just a lot to unpack.

 


Speaker 1: So sit down and have a conversation. If you’re not already with a team that can help you like the team at PFG Private Wealth, John and Nick, and the whole team there to get on the counter, reach out to them. (813) 286-7776. If you’ve got some questions or concerns, reach out on the website if you’d like to as well pfgprivatewealth.com, that’s pfgprivatewealth.com. Don’t forget to subscribe to the show. Retirement Planning Redefined on your smartphone there. If you’ve got an Apple phone, for example, Apple Podcasts is already on your phone. You can just open up that app and type in Retirement, Planning Redefined, and subscribe that way or Google or whatever platform you use. Most of that stuff’s already pre-installed on your phones anyway, but you can find it all at pfgprivatewealth.com. Guys, thanks for hanging out with me this week. I appreciate it. John. I’m bummed that he’s not going to make me a wicker basket.

 


John: I’ve been trying to get one, he won’t do it.

 


Nick: I’m not the creative type.

 


Speaker 1: Not the creative type. All right, guys. Well, thanks for hanging out again. I appreciate it. I’ll see you next time. John, take care, buddy.

 


John: Have a good one.

 


Speaker 1: We’ll see you later. Nick, take care. Have yourself a good week.

 


Nick: All right. You too. Take care.

 


Speaker 1: We’ll talk to you next time here on Retirement Planning Redefined with John and Nick from PFG Private Wealth.

Ep 34: Learning Through Uncommon Sense

On This Episode

At first glance, each of these statements seem like basic common sense that everyone agrees with. But when we look at the way people actually behave with their money, it seems that common sense is actually a bit uncommon.

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More Episodes

Check out all the episodes by clicking here.

 

Disclaimer:

PFG Private Wealth Management, LLC is an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Information presented is for educational purposes only and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any specific securities, investments, or investment strategies. The topics and information discussed during this podcast are not intended to provide tax or legal advice. Investments involve risk, and unless otherwise stated, are not guaranteed. Be sure to first consult with a qualified financial advisor and/or tax professional before implementing any strategy discussed on this podcast. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. Insurance products and services are offered and sold through individually licensed and appointed insurance agents.

Here is a transcript of today’s episode:

 

Speaker 1: Hey everybody. Welcome in to the podcast. This is Retirement Planning Redefined with John and Nick. Hanging out with me talking investing, finance, and retirement. Uncommon Sense is going to be our theme on this podcast. I’ve got some statements here that I think all of us agree are basic common sense. But yet when we go to do these things, we tend to do the opposite. We act a bit uncommon. So that’s going to be good. We’re going to have a fun conversation with this and stick around. We’re going to jump into that. But first let’s welcome the guys in and see what’s going on. John, how are you, buddy?

 


John: Good. How are you doing?

 


Speaker 1: Hanging in there pretty good. We were just chatting before we rolled the tape here on the podcast. A little sleepy. The kids did not want to cooperate last night. But other than that, things are going good for you?

 


John: Yeah, yeah. Things are going well.

 


Speaker 1: Very good. Very good. And Nick, how are you, my friend?

 


Nick: Doing pretty well. We’re staying busy. The heat is starting to settle in, in Florida here. So although I’d say we had a pretty awesome spring weather wise.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah.

 


Nick: The humidity is starting to kick in. So kind of a realization that John and I were talking about the other day, that we can’t believe it’s already between COVID, chaos of everything going on, that it’s already almost halfway through the year, so.

 


Speaker 1: Well, 2020 was like the longest decade ever, even though it was only a year.

 


Nick: Yeah.

 


Speaker 1: And then this year seems to be hauling pretty fast. So it’s going pretty quickly. Hey, speaking of the weather, actually, how did the event go? Last time, we did the podcast, the prior one, we chatted a little bit about the golf tourney you guys were working on. How’d that go?

 


John: It went really well. We ended up having about 108 golfers total, which we were told for a first event would be excellent.

 


Speaker 1: That’s awesome.

 


John: We hit that goal. And we’re just finalizing the numbers. But it looks like we’re going to be doing some pretty, a good size donations to Pepin Academies and then Southeastern Guide Dogs. So we’re excited about that. And we actually, the winning team’s going to get a nice invitational jacket, so we’re getting them sized up. So they’re excited about that. That was kind of a surprise to them. So at the end we had a tailor there, and getting their sizes and showed them the jacket and they were pretty excited about it.

 


Speaker 1: Very cool. So are you guys hustling and bustling all through that? Did you enjoy the process of putting an event together like that? And would you definitely do it again?

 


John: Nick, do you want to take that one?

 


Nick: Yeah. It was an interesting sort of a learning process. It’s always, just like anything else, there’s a lot of collaboration. And so, a lot of people, a lot of bodies required. And it’s a first-time event, having to get everybody on the same page and organized. It was a little chaotic. But ultimately we chatted about this in our meeting afterwards. Ultimately, I think the experience for the people that participated was smooth. And if you ask them, they wouldn’t have even noticed the things that we did as putting it on.

 


Speaker 1: Right.

 


Nick: The feedback that we received was good. A lot of money went to charity. So all’s well that ends well.

 


Speaker 1: The hallmark of a good event then if the participants think it’s great and it runs smoothly, they don’t need not know about the chaos. Right. That’s the way you know you’ve done a good job. So very cool. Well, kudos guys. Glad to hear that. I’ll be looking forward to some final numbers later.

 


John: Yeah, yeah. We had a very good team all around. So it was a truly team effort to get it done, so.

 


Speaker 1: That’s great.

 


John: It was good to work with everybody.

 


Speaker 1: That’s awesome. That’s great. I’m glad to hear that. And definitely look forward to hearing more about that in the future. But for now, let’s go ahead and jump into our topic this week. Again, like I said, guys, I’ve got some statements here, some basic axioms that we all hold to be accurate. I think we all would say that that’s common sense. We all agree with it. But yet what you guys see and what advisors see all across the country, a lot of times with these is people tend to do the opposite.

 


Speaker 1: So talk through that a little bit, what you see and maybe some ways to counteract that. And we’ll start with a classic, which is the buy low and sell high. You’re not going to find a single person that disagrees with that theory. We do that. I don’t know, gas shopping, right? Gas has been going up. So you’re like, oh, hey, I heard it’s 5 cents cheaper over at this station, and you’ll go over there. But when it comes to investing, it’s almost always the opposite: If you are undisciplined or don’t have a plan type investor where you panic and you do the wrong thing.

 


John: Yeah. And I think the reason why is really emotion. Investing becomes very emotional because it’s your money, it’s your nest egg. You’re going to see it there. So when that dives into it just, it’s very hard to make easy decisions. And a perfect example is the pandemic in 2020 when it started in March. Stocks dropped very fast. I think over like a two or three week period, there was an almost 30 to 40% drop of the S&P, and which is a great opportunity to buy stocks cheap. But what we’re hearing from some people it’s, hey, should I sell? And then really it should have been, should I be buying more into it? But against the uncertainty, the emotions of not knowing what’s going to happen. A similar thing happened in 2008. With the bank and liquidity concerns, same thing here. Stocks were dropping. Good time to buy. But the thought process and emotion made people do the reverse.

 


Nick: Yeah. And it’s tricky because intuitively sometimes you look at what’s happening and oftentimes by the time that most people in general, kind of in the general public, notice what’s happening, a lot of the volatility’s already happened. So in other words, once they notice it’s really going down, it’s already gone down a bunch and once they notice it’s going up, it’s already gone up a bunch. And so tend to be late on both sides, which is not good.

 


Nick: And John and I will kind of joke with each other where I’m definitely the more emotional one out of both of us and he’s less so. And so, we absolutely understand the emotions of things, and even being in day-to-day, it’s important to understand how it is. It really just kind of goes back to having a plan. And that’s what we try to do even back in, when everything went down with the pandemic is bring everybody back to the plan. Make them realize that, hey, we’ve got a plan for these sorts of things. These are unfortunate times. But we have these things baked in for happening, and so we’re just going to hold the line.

 


Speaker 1: Well, I think with emotion being the culprit there, that’s why working with an advisor in a good team is helpful. I’m not going to say you guys are disinterested. You obviously clearly care about your clients and what you do for them because it’s very important work. But at the same time, you can’t approach it with a little bit less passion, I suppose, or panic than the person might. Because to your point, John, it’s their money, right? And you guys are going to do the very best that you can for it. But it helps you make, it helps you look at things a little bit more objectively, I guess that’s where I’m trying to go with that. So.

 


John: Yeah.

 


Speaker 1: That’s a good way to do it. So, that’s one. Let’s go with a second one here. Not paying any more in taxes than we have to. Well, that’s like a duh, right? Nobody volunteers to sign up to … I don’t think anybody’s standing out on the street corner with a sign saying, Let me pay more taxes, please. Yet, when you guys start to look at things and you work with an advisor and a CPA and they start digging into people’s financial and retirement situations, often we are paying more than we need to be. We’re not being as efficient as we could be, I suppose.

 


Nick: Yeah. And some of the areas that we’ll see these sorts of things are, and again, this will tie into the emotional decisions, which we definitely understand money’s emotional. But as an example, somebody’s retiring or getting close to retiring, maybe they’ve got 80 to $100,000 left on their mortgage and they want to cash out a bunch of money from retirement accounts, and just pay it off quicker in one fell swoop. And they may not realize from a timing standpoint, number one, the impact that a large distribution like that could have on their taxes. And then the snowball effect that it might have on costs of Medicare or different things like that. So, having a strategy and always going back to the idea of planning long-term and having different types of accounts that have different types of taxation in retirement, it’s really important.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah. I would agree with you on that because taxes, there’s all those little things like, it’s not what we make, it’s what we keep, so on and so forth. But there is a lot more ways to be efficient when it comes to, especially for retirees and pre-retirees, when it comes to taxes. And of course, everything we’re seeing right now with increased spending and inflation and so on and so forth, taxes is going to continue to be a really integral part of our retirement plan. So it’s important to make sure that you’re working with somebody who is taking that into account.

 


Speaker 1: And another important part of this is keeping costs low, guys. Like I said earlier about the gas situation or bargain shopping, pretty much everybody’s looking at buy one, get one free, or 50% off things. We look for these kinds of things in all aspects of life. But then again, when it comes to investing, sometimes we’re not thinking about that. You’ll have the person say, I want to keep costs low. And my guy or gal only charges me 1%, and they’re really not taking into account everything else, as well, right?

 


John: Yeah. That’s absolutely correct. Again, it can be taking into consideration from a common sense standpoint. But sometimes there are better times to buckle down on certain things than others. And ultimately you’re just trying to make solid decisions with the information that you have available to you. So, it’s anybody. You mentioned inflation. It’s always interesting with things like that because anybody that has gone to the grocery store in the last two years, they know that things cost more. And so it doesn’t when it’s not talked about in the media as much or whatever. They might talk about it with their friends or complain about it with their spouse or something like that.

 


John: But then when it starts being talked about in the media, it catches up. So ultimately, I think people know that these sorts of things have been happening. But now that it’s being talked about more, in general, and there are other assets that are tracked more from a consumer price index and those sorts of things, to actually show inflation is a legitimate thing. Especially with all of the money that’s been being printed for the last decade, really. Now it’s a good time to reassess and make some smart decisions to keep costs down.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah. No, definitely. There’s hidden fees in all those little things, and that’s actually going to lead into my next one here. For example, I’m going to pull a grandma-ism, guys. Another one of these axioms we hear is “don’t put all your eggs in one basket”. And I’m going to take this from the standpoint of people who have a lot of the same thing, they’ll say, John or Nick, I’ve got 10 mutual funds that I got from 10 different companies, right. So I’m “clearly diversified” and I’m not getting charged very much. And they’re completely wrong in both of those counts.

 


John: Yeah. We see that a lot in the 401k space because a lot of that is the people are picking their own funds and they’ll do stuff like that where they’ll pick six, seven mutual funds or whatever. And they say, hey, “I’m diversified.” But in reality, they’re all similar type funds. So for example, they all could be large cap funds. So what that means is when the market goes up, they’re all going to do relatively the same thing. Give or take some percentage points on which one’s performing a little bit better. When the market goes down, they’re going to do the same thing.

 


John: The whole point of diversifying is so that the portfolio has some zig and zag. So kind of sounds weird to say this, but in reality, when something’s going up, you want something else going down or not doing what the other investment are doing. And that actually comes down to proper asset allocation where you have maybe some large cap funds, and then you also have some fixed income funds and some real estate. So everything’s not the same type of asset class. And that’s really what you want to focus on. On really diversifying is not just having multiple funds, but having the right mix of multiple funds.

 


Nick: And even in addition to that, diversify from the perspective of taxes. You don’t necessarily, we feel, end up in retirement with only having pre-tax money that’s going to be fully taxed at whatever bracket that you’re in, in retirement.

 


Speaker 1: Mm-hmm (affirmative).

 


Nick: These good examples currently, there’s a decent chance and we’ve been talking about it for years, but there’s a decent chance that taxes will go up. There’s a price for printing money for a long time. Whether it’s cutting taxes and more spending, et cetera, eventually there is going to be a price for that. So having options from the perspective of pre-tax money, broth money, a taxable brokerage account, what that utilizes capital gains, all these sorts of things end up really paying off down the road.

 


Speaker 1: A lot of times that whole diversification conversation comes back into play with people. And often what you guys find, John, to your point, you were talking about that a little bit is that somebody who’s got a lot of the same thing. There’s just a ton of overlap. And typically, it’s almost always large cap or something. And if you think about this year, right, small cap was outperforming large cap in the first quarter. And maybe you don’t have enough here and there. And that’s that point of that having a little bit. That’s when something’s going up, something is going down. Most people just don’t truly realize that. They think, oh, I’ve got a target date fund; I’m groovy. Or whatever that looks like. And then what ends up happening for the last one is that you have people then turn around and say, ooh, I want to jump in on dogecoin, or whatever, because Elon Musk made a tweet. And then the next week he makes another tweet and the thing tanks. And so market timing is virtually impossible.

 


John: Yeah, correct. Ultimately, you can’t do it. It comes back to what we talked about earlier. When people are trying to time the market, it’s really emotional of saying, hey, when’s a good time to get in or get out. And this was something that we saw a little bit about, not necessarily so much with the pandemic, a lot of people stayed the course and maybe because it happened so fast. But with the election at the end of last year, either way we saw people that were trying to pull out and time it depending on who won the election on when to get back in.

 


John: And unfortunately it didn’t work out. And it doesn’t work … Either way it doesn’t work out because it’s always so hard to say, hey, now is the right time because as we saw, the market went up. And then it’s like, well, do I go in now or do I wait until it goes down? And you can find over the last five or six, seven years, if you’ve been waiting, you’ve been waiting a long time to get back in. So it’s always best to have a plan and stick to your plan and make sure that you’re invested correctly so you can just stay the course of what you’re trying to do.

 


Nick: And even further with that, ultimately, if you decide that you’re going to exit and try to time it, the time that you have to then get back in, is usually the most basically, disgusting time to have to do it.

 


Speaker 1: When it hurts.

 


Nick: It’s the most painful time. It’s the time of the most chaos because that’s usually where the bottom is. And so it’s really difficult to try to time that.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah.

 


Nick: In fact, we’ve had conversations with clients before where we say, hey, our objective is to hold the line. If you want to exit, we’ll exit for you, but you got to tell us when to get back in. We’re not going to exit at your request and then move in at our determination.

 


Nick: If we’re going to exit, then you also have to let us know when to enter back in. And so sometimes we’ve found that, putting it in that, in those terms, ultimately ends up helping people just decide to hold the line. Once they realize like, oh, well, I’ve got to tell you when to get back in? Then that helps them realize, oh, okay, I get it. Like, I’m probably not going to be able to do that. Or by the time that I feel comfortable enough to tell you, it’s too late.

 


Speaker 1: Yeah. You’re right back at that emotional sticking point, right? To your point of it’s typically it’s painful or it’s the worst time, or it’s just really uncomfortable to do it. And of course, you’re trying to be right twice in something that is super, super fickle. So again, these are all some basic common sense things we can all agree on. And yet we tend to do the opposite. And that’s where it comes into play to really work with a team who does this day in and day out to help us through those things so that we don’t trip ourselves up. As the saying goes, “We’re often our own worst enemy.” So do yourself a favor if you haven’t done so. Have a conversation about your retirement journey and some of the things that we’ve covered today on the podcast.

 


Speaker 1: Reach out to John and Nick. As always, you should check with a qualified professional before you take any action on anything you hear anyway on our show or any others financially-related. So reach out to John and Nick at (813) 286-7776. That’s (813) 286-7776. Or stop by the website, pfgprivatewealth.com. That’s pfgprivatewealth.com. And don’t forget to subscribe to the podcast, Retirement Planning Redefined. You can find all the information right there at the website. Again to subscribe on Apple, Google, Spotify, whatever platform you like. I’m going to sign off this week for John and Nick and myself. So thanks for hanging out with us here on the show, and we’ll catch you next time on Retirement Planning Redefined with John and Nick.

Ep 33: Fact Or Fiction

On This Episode

Sometimes the easiest way to learn about something is make it really simple. Like some of the first true/false tests you might have taken in school, let’s play a round of fact or fiction to test your financial planning acuity.

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More Episodes

Check out all the episodes by clicking here.

 

Disclaimer:

PFG Private Wealth Management, LLC is an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Information presented is for educational purposes only and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any specific securities, investments, or investment strategies. The topics and information discussed during this podcast are not intended to provide tax or legal advice. Investments involve risk, and unless otherwise stated, are not guaranteed. Be sure to first consult with a qualified financial advisor and/or tax professional before implementing any strategy discussed on this podcast. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. Insurance products and services are offered and sold through individually licensed and appointed insurance agents.

Here is a transcript of today’s episode:

 

Marc: Hey everybody. Welcome into this edition of the podcast. Thanks for hanging out with us here on retirement planning, redefined with John and Nick, financial advisors at PFG Private Wealth. Find them online at pfgprivatewealth.com, that’s pfgprivatewealth.com. Fun podcast this week, we’re going to have a little fun with some financial fact or fiction and test our financial planning acuity with the guys in just a minute, but let’s say, hey and see what’s going on. John, how are you my friend?


John: I’m doing good. How are you?

Marc: Doing pretty good hanging out and doing well hope you guys are doing the same down there. Nick, what’s going on with you? Any new action on that attorney you guys were telling us about?

Nick: No, we’re still plugging away on the golf tournament. We’re looking forward to doing that. This the first time that John and I have been involved in putting together a golf tournament. We’re not big golfers, it’s definitely an interesting process, but we’re looking forward to… I think our two charities are going to be locally Pepin Academies and Southeastern Guide Dogs. We’re looking forward to raising some money for charity. And then, we also actually recently sponsored a run through the Herald Center, which is a part of the USF Tampa campus and through the college of public health, that’s done to support in studies, family violence, which is a huge issue really in any community. They have a run coming up and we’re sponsoring that. Anybody that’s involved locally with that, we’ll see the name of the podcast and those sorts of things. We always stay involved in the community, enjoy doing those things.

Marc: That’s great.

John: But we are definitely not running.

Marc: You’re not running. Are you going to golf?

John: We’re probably not golfing either.

Nick: [crosstalk 00:01:47].

Marc: I imagine planning a tourney, a golf tournament, is a bit more challenging than you might expect. You first dive into it. You think, oh, this is… And then you’re like, wow, this is a lot more work than I thought.

John: There are a lot of moving parts, but we have a really strong team. We have some members that have planned golf tournaments before and they’re heading up the logistics. Nick and I are very organized and detail oriented, we’re making sure all the tasks are checked off and everyone’s doing their work, but we’re really excited about that one.

Marc: Dotting the I’s and crossing the T’s.

Nick: The local steakhouse that we’re teaming up with is really well known. Having them involved, this is the first time that we had paired up with them. It’s a pretty cool experience as well.

Marc: Very cool. Well, I’ll keep asking about it and we’ll keep updating things as we get closer, but for now let’s play a little financial fact or fiction. I know it’s a little tougher sometimes in your guys’ industry, because often I’ve heard that saying that the answer to most financial questions are, it depends, but we’ll try to do as best we can here. Like when we were in school, we do true or false of simple ways to learn things. I’ve got some basic statements here guys, just have a little fun with it. Fact or fiction, give us the best answer you can, based on the way the question is worded and we’ll go from there. Fact or fiction, whoever wants to take this first one, your social security can be taxable.

John: I’m going to say fact, although sometimes it’s not, but it’s based off of your income in retirement. They called it, your modified adjusted gross income in this situation, where basically it’s half of your social security, your adjusted gross income, plus any non taxable interest like municipal bonds. They add all that up and depending on where that falls will determine how much of your social security is taxable. Example if you’re making married filing jointly over 44 000 of that [inaudible 00:03:46] income, up to 85% of your social security is going to be taxable. That’s the maximum amount of your social security that’s going to be taxable is up to 85%.

Marc: Okay. It can be taxable. It doesn’t mean it always will be, but it can be.

John: Correct. I’ll say more often than not, it is going to be taxable because the limits where it’s not taxable, it’s married filing jointly between zero and 32 000, 0% is taxable at that point. But you’ll find the majority of people, they’re above that when you’re talking two incomes.

Marc: Got you. Okay. All right. We’ll go with fact on that one, it can be taxable. Quick and easy fact or fiction. Nick, how about you, you want to take this one? Your taxes will likely be lower in retirement.

Nick: There is a decent chance that may be the case, the tricky part about that, and we usually have a better idea of that within the last couple of years of retirement, when we can measure your expenses and measure what is being deployed into savings and those sorts of things. I would say that a solid percentage of people do have lower taxes, at least initially in retirement. But one of the things that we’ve started to see is, especially those that have done a good job of maybe managing expenses, because the market has taken such a big jump over the last, five to 10 years, there’s a lot of people that have found themselves with a lot more money in retirement accounts than they expected. And they’re creeping into their RMD age, which is now 72, they’re going to have income that’s going to be coming in via their required minimum distribution that may be much higher than their spending that could really flatten out that difference. going back to what we’ve said in previous podcasts, there is a decent chance that your taxes will be lower in retirement. However, it’s important for us to plan for scenarios that they aren’t and give you options in retirement.

Marc: Yeah. And to be fair with continuing taxes possibly going to be on the rise with all the spending we’re doing, it’s one of those statements where again, it’s in the wording, likely to be lower. Okay. But there’s a good chance of anything happening in that arena. You always want to make sure you’re checking them as relates to your specific scenario and plan efficiently. Try to plan to be as efficient as possible so that you can be tax efficient, hopefully in the future, just in case they do go up, because they do raise up the tax brackets. All right. How about fact or fiction guys? Term life insurance is better than whole life insurance.

John: I’m going to have to say it’s a, it depends on this one. I can’t go fact or fiction on this one because it depends on your situation. Term-life is great for covering an immediate need. Example, having two kids, I’ve enough life insurance, death benefit to cover my income for the next 20 years, if something were to happen to me. Whole life is nice to have basically a permanent policy. Going into retirement, I have something that’s going to last, in essence, depending on the policy and disclosures, whatever and disclaimers it’s going to last forever. This one is, it can’t be fact or fiction, it really depends on the person’s situation.

Nick:
One of the things I would just throw in there on this is that, life insurance can be a topic that people feel strongly about. Typically though, it breaks down to a cashflow issue where if you have the cashflow to be able to have the right type of permanent whole life insurance, oftentimes it can be a better plan and strategy than otherwise, but it’s definitely an in-depth and a topic that’s important to go through in detail.

Marc: Well, we’re having a little fun with these, but like any financial vehicle or product there’s pros and cons to everything and what’s going to be right for your scenario may be different for someone else. It’s all about that complete holistic strategy, if you will. And that’s why working with an advisor is a good idea to do so when it comes to your scenario. And of course, if you’ve got questions or you need some help or whatever the case might be as always check out John and Nick, and have a conversation with them if you need some help, or if you have something that sparks your interest a little bit, go to pfgprivatewealth.com, that’s pfgprivatewealth.com, and you can drop them a line there while you’re on the website. Lot of good tools, tips, and resources. Here’s another one guys. Medicare will cover most of your medical needs in retirement, fact or fiction?

John: I’ll say fact that the right type of Medicare policy will cover most of your medical needs in retirement. Again, disclosure, everyone’s situation is different and Medicare only covers certain things. But I’ll say from your basic health needs, going to the doctor, prescriptions, if you have the right type of Medicare policy, it will cover quite a bit of that. As far as any disabilities, that’s where Medicare does not really kick in for that. A lot of people get confused.

Marc: Hospital stays, basic doctor visits, things like that. But it doesn’t do dental. I can be interesting. My mom had, with her Medicare, she had some cataract stuff done and it covered portions of it. There’s definitely some outliers there, which is why they’ve got the 47 million supplement programs that go in there. A lot of stuff to talk about for sure and it doesn’t do anything with long-term care.

John: Correct. It’s important just to understand what it covers. Both Nick and I, we know a good amount about it, but we’ve both gone to some seminars and presentations and make sure we’re up to date on the latest. But we typically, when it comes to that point in the planning, we refer this out to a couple of people that specialize in it because there’s so many different policies of so many different nuances. And again, it’s all about finding the right professional and what fits your needs. Fact, some of the time, fiction some of the time as well.

Marc: Yeah, exactly. Well, I guess with these, it’s really just a fun way to do it, but ideally when it comes to financial stuff, there’s always a depends caveat, if you will. One more here, we’ll have this last one, then we’ll take an email question to wrap up this week. As you get older, you should gradually shift from stocks to bonds. That’s been a thinking for a very long time fact or fiction, or maybe has that changed?

Nick: I would say that it obviously depends upon where you’re starting from. If you’ve been a typical investor that has been comfortable with market risk throughout your life and you are starting from a place of maybe having a 70/30 stock to bond or a 60/40 stock bond portfolio that shifting to decrease your risk does make some sense. We’ve seen plenty of people that haven’t really taken enough risk from the perspective of market risk. Not taking enough market risk, can create things like longevity risk and your money lasting for you, those sorts of things. If you’re going to make shifts, it’s important to be shifting in the right way. Making sure that you’re looking at stocks that are on the lower risk side of things is important. But I would say in general, the key is to tie your investments to your overall financial plan. But in general, it will make some sense for many people to reduce some of their stock holding risk as things go forward. With the caveat that when you’re getting your access to the fixed side of things, the bond world, you need to do it much more carefully than maybe you had to 10 or 15 years ago. It’s a much more convoluted space than it was. And so that’s something where there are many people that under-appreciate the risk that you can have in the bond space.

Marc: All right. Well, that’s going to do it for fact or fiction, and we’re going to wrap up this podcast with an email question again, if you’d like to submit your own, stop by the website at pfgprivatewealth.com, that’s pfgprivatewealth.com. Greg’s got a question for you. Greg says, “Guys, I’m being offered an early retirement package from the company I worked at. It also includes a severance package and pension buyout. It seems wise to consider this anything to think?” Anything that he should be thinking about, questions to maybe ask?

Nick: Yeah. Good question, Greg. Nick and I are seeing quite a bit of this coming up where clients are near retirement, few years away, and all of a sudden it’s, hey, I got the severance package and this pension buyout, what should I do? And the first thing we do is really to say, “Hey, let’s run the numbers and the plan and see if you can retire with that severance package and what the pension buyout is.” And we’ll evaluate it and give our recommendations based on, again, the plan. I’ll say it’s definitely worth comparing your options in that situation. One thing you want to consider is the financial health of the pension itself. Is it fully funded or is it underfunded? Because we have seen some pensions that aren’t fully funded and there’s some financial risks of that pension. In that scenario, I would say you might want to go ahead and take the money.

Nick: And then, reverting back to the plan, what are their current income needs versus liquidity? Just to give you an example of a plan we’re doing, client had a couple of pensions and didn’t really have much liquidity. When a situation like this came up, we evaluated it based on the income that it was spinning off and what a lump sum could do. But, we looked at it and said, “Hey, this, this could be a nice option to give you some of the liquidity, which you currently don’t have”, because he had two pensions and social security, but didn’t have a lot of liquid assets he could draw on if needed. Another thing to consider is beneficiaries. We’ve seen a lot of clients where they say, “Something happens to me with this pension, basically the money goes away. I don’t feel comfortable with that. I’d prefer the lump sum buyout. At least if something happens to me within the next 10 years or 15 years, someone’s going to get something versus in the pension option that I’m given, they’re not going to get anything.” And again, there’s different pension options and we review it all. And then, we’ve seen some scenarios where the pension guaranteed income was so excellent, we didn’t even consider a lump sum withdrawal or any other type of contracts that provide guaranteed income because it was so strong.

Marc: Some good questions to ponder there, Greg. Thanks for submitting that in. There’s obviously a lot of information that you didn’t share with us. If you’d like to have a more in-depth conversation about exactly what they’re offering, you definitely reach out to John and Nick. You can call them at 813-286-7776, but that gives you four or five things there to think about. Again, 813-286-7776. You can give them a call and have a conversation with them. Of course, with the podcast, subscribe to the show folks, if you have done so already. That way you can catch up new episodes when they come out, you can also check out past episodes and all that good jazz. You can find it all at pfgprivatewealth.com. It’s really the easiest way to get in touch with the guys, If you’d like.

Marc: You can drop an email question, you can book some time with them. You can subscribe to the podcast, just a lot of good tools, tips, and resources there at pfgprivatewealth.com. That’s pfgprivatewealth.com and that’s going to do it for us this week on the podcast. John, Nick, guys thanks for hanging out with me and good luck with the upcoming events.

Nick: All right, thanks Marc.

John: Thanks, have a good one.

Marc: We appreciate it. We’ll see you next time here on retirement planning, redefined with the guys from PFG Private Wealth, serving you here in the Tampa Bay area. We’ll talk to you next time on the podcast folks.

Ep 32: Are You Flirting WIth Financial Disaster?

On This Episode

Let’s talk about some of the areas of your financial life where you might be flirtin’ with disaster and don’t even know it.

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More Episodes

Check out all the episodes by clicking here.

 

Disclaimer:

PFG Private Wealth Management, LLC is an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Information presented is for educational purposes only and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any specific securities, investments, or investment strategies. The topics and information discussed during this podcast are not intended to provide tax or legal advice. Investments involve risk, and unless otherwise stated, are not guaranteed. Be sure to first consult with a qualified financial advisor and/or tax professional before implementing any strategy discussed on this podcast. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. Insurance products and services are offered and sold through individually licensed and appointed insurance agents.

Here is a transcript of today’s episode:

 

Marc Killian: Hey everybody. Welcome into this week’s edition of Retirement Planning Redefined podcast. We appreciate your time, hanging out with John and Nick and myself as we’re talking, investing, finance and retirement. And of course you could check them out online if you’ve got some questions or need to follow up or have a chat about your own situation, get your retirement planning redefined at pfgprivatewealth.com. That’s pfgprivatewealth.com. Don’t forget to subscribe to the podcast while you’re there. A lot of good tools, tips and resources to be found.


Marc Killian: And on this go-around, we’re going to talk about flirting with disaster. As Floridians, there’s certainly always the case where we have some disastrous situations can come up from time to time, but we’re going to talk about these from a financial standpoint and some areas in our financial life where we could do this and not even realize it. First off, let’s say hey to the guys. What’s going on, Nick? How are you?


Nick McDevitt: Doing well. Doing well. How about yourself?


Marc Killian: Doing pretty good hanging in there. Looking forward to today’s topic. Got some good, easy fixes I think for a few of these things, as well as some that are maybe a little more complicated. We’ll dive into that. Let you guys share. But John, how are you?


John Teixeira: Doing good. Doing good. Nick and I are actually in the process of planning a golf tournament for a couple of charities here locally with… the group we’re in is, again, 13 Ugly Men Foundation. And we’re partnering up with Bern’s Steakhouse to do a golf event at TPC Tampa Bay. So, we’re excited about that coming up.


Marc Killian: Very Nice. Yeah. Keep us posted on that. We’ll definitely like to learn more as we get closer to there. Well, hopefully, you guys won’t have any disastrous situations come tourney time, but let’s talk about them today. I got about five here, guys, I want you to just break down for us. And, like I said, some of these are kind of easy fixes, so let’s start there. They can definitely cause a lot of havoc, but, again, they are easy fixes. So, out-of-date legal documents. Not the sexiest thing in the world, but a pretty easy thing to fix.


Nick McDevitt: This is something that is a common oversight, a common mistake that people make. Some of the instances that we see where the documents are out of date or just not going to accomplish the things that they’re hoping to accomplish. Our scenario’s somebody moved from out of state and the… many people don’t realize that from an estate planning standpoint, from a legal document standpoint, a lot of those documents are different from state to state. So, that’s an important thing to review if you are somebody that has recently moved. A few years back, there were updates in Florida to durable power of attorney rules. And so, that’s a reason to have a review.


Nick McDevitt: But just like anything else, it’s important to make sure that you have in inventory or you take an inventory of what you have. Something like this, people never… or oftentimes, people don’t realize how long it’s been since they have updated their documents. There could be children that are alive now that weren’t before, parents that were alive then that aren’t now, a previous marriage, et cetera, et cetera. So, making sure that those documents are updated and chatting with an attorney about that is a really important thing.


Marc Killian: Yeah. We tend to set it and forget it with a lot of those. What are some of the key ones we should think about, John?


John Teixeira: I would say one of the biggest ones is a second marriage. That’s where you really want to pay attention to who the beneficiaries are, who’s getting what. And there are certain rules in the state of Florida. And, of course, defer to the professionals and attorneys on that, where a spouse is entitled to a percentage of the assets. So, if you want to make sure that, if it’s a second marriage, you have kids in the first marriage and you don’t want to disinherit them, you want to make sure your documents are definitely up to date.


John Teixeira: Another one we’ve seen, and Nick mentioned it, people moving in from out of state. If you have assets in other states, it’s important to make sure that you kind of have some documents for that state where the other assets are. So, example, I’m from Massachusetts. My parents have a house up there, so they had to make sure that… they basically had a will for up there and down here.


Marc Killian: Yeah. I got you. Now, a lot of times, the misconceptions with wills are if you have a will, the saying goes, you will go through probate, whereas a trust allows you to maybe not do that. Is there some other main documents that we should have? I’m assuming the power of attorneys, correct?


Nick McDevitt: Yeah. Durable power of attorney, a will. Oftentimes, people will confuse a traditional will with a living will. And essentially end-of-life documents are important to have.


Marc Killian: Like a medical power of attorney obviously, right?


Nick McDevitt: Yep, exactly. So, there’s kind of that core package that most attorneys will review with you, help you recognize, “Hey, is this out of date? Is this still applicable?” And we always recommend, obviously with any sort of legal topic, that you’re communicating with either an attorney that you have and are familiar with or we obviously have a few attorneys that we work with that we send clients to that we know and trust and will help make sure that they get through the process.


Marc Killian: But it’s often not as costly as we think it’s going to be too, to get these things handled. And once you get them in place, again, out of date, if you’re just making some adjustments, usually can be done through a phone call. So, kind of an easy fix, right?


Nick McDevitt: Yeah. We’ve definitely seen, especially over the last year, many, many companies, including law offices, have put their tech into hyper drive to make [crosstalk 00:05:18] easier for clients. So, yes, sometimes mentally things will feel overwhelming and that will slow us down from doing it. And this is one of those things that doesn’t need to be super difficult and can be done pretty easily.


John Teixeira: Yeah. And we actually have something we give to clients, it’s kind of a wills point checklist. It’s like 24 questions to consider, almost like a prep before you go see an attorney so you feel like, “All right, I’m a little bit prepared for this.” So, if anyone does want that, they’re more than welcome to shoot us an email or call the office and just mention that and we can get it to them.


Marc Killian: Yeah. Again, folks, stop by the website, pfgprivatewealth.com. Drop them an email. John or Nick @pfgprivatewealth.com is where you can email them. Yeah. That’s a great point. So, thanks for bringing that up as well.


Marc Killian: And, John, you mentioned another marriage, for example. So, the BDs, the beneficiary designations, having those incorrect, another easy fix. And it’s not just… we tend to think of, I don’t know, one item or one type of account, but there’s multiple places where you’re going to have these beneficiary designations. And updating these is, again, a pretty easy thing to do.


Marc Killian: I had somebody teach me that there’s a couple of Ds to remember, to kind of trigger you to double-check these: if you get a divorce; if you have a death; or a disability; or at minimum, at least once a decade. That way, you get the four Ds, if you will, to maybe update these or take a look at them.


John Teixeira: Yeah. Those are all really good ones. Actually, kind of going back to the will stuff. So, if you do have beneficiaries on some of these accounts, it does bypass probate. So, if there’s a beneficiary on a life insurance or a retirement account, it doesn’t actually go through probate; it goes directly to that beneficiary. So, that’s always kind of good to know.


John Teixeira: But yeah, divorce, very important one to update. Can’t tell you how many times Nick and I have done some reviews with some clients that are new clients and it’s… we’ve seen on the 401(k)s especially because that’s kind of a set-it-forget-it type thing, where you have an ex-spouse on there. We’ve unfortunately seen some people with 401(k)s where they get auto-enrolled. They just never put a beneficiary on there just because [crosstalk 00:07:27] signed up, it’s auto-enrollment for the company. So, those are two important things to really take a look at.


John Teixeira: And we don’t see this too often, but we have seen some people just kind of just have a fallout with some beneficiaries, whether it’s a child, a niece, nephew, whatever it may be. And we’ve seen some changes from that where it’s, “Hey, to be frank, I just don’t like this person anymore.”


Marc Killian: I mean, it happens. It definitely happens. And so, we’re talking IRAs, life insurance policies, 401(k)s, things of that nature.


John Teixeira: Yep.


Marc Killian: Okay. All right. So, those are, again, pretty easy fixes for some of that stuff. And the havoc they can wreak… I imagine having somebody come in and the new spouse is saying, “Hey, I found out that the old spouse is still on this life insurance policy.” That’s not good. And that’s not an easy fix at that point, but it can be taken care of ahead of time pretty darn quickly.


Marc Killian: Let’s move to some more complicated one here, guys. You could be flirting with disaster, talking about the ticking tax time bomb. Obviously, that is going to continue to be a mainstay of conversation in retirement planning in general because it’s such an important part of it, how we’re being… if we’re being as tax-efficient as possible, I should say. But with the continued spending that we’re seeing as a nation, it seems like this is only going to become more and more of an issue.


Nick McDevitt: Yeah. So, one of the things that we try to… so, when we talk about a tax time bomb, what we’re typically referring to is when people only save into accounts that are tax-deferred, a.k.a. traditional 401(k), a.k.a. traditional IRA. And so, when they are in retirement, the thought process is like, “Hey, I’m going to have lower taxes. So, no matter what, this is going to be a better deal for me.”


Nick McDevitt: And the thing that we try to focus on with clients and with people in general is that there’s a lot of uncertainty on what we know is going to happen from a tax perspective. And so, our really emphasis is not necessarily to be right, as far as, “Hey, we know that X, Y and Z is going to happen”; it’s that you have options so that no matter what, you can adapt to what’s going on.


Nick McDevitt: And the tricky part about that is if you’re two to three years out from retirement, you’re at your highest earning income years, you don’t have any Roth money for example or any just regular investment account funds put away, we may continue to have you save into a pre-tax account. But then once you retire, we may look into trying to do some Roth conversions or make some adjustments or plan for kicking in a strategy when you do retire. So, it’s not like it’s necessarily the easiest thing to navigate. Your best bet is that, as soon as you can, start to save money into different places so that you not only are diversifying your investments, but you’re diversifying how you’re going to be taxed in retirement, is really a thing that we emphasize with clients.


Marc Killian: Yeah. And that’s a good point as well because this is not as easy as a fix, but it’s something you can get on pretty quickly simply by working with an advisor, having them review your scenario and your situation and saying, “Okay, how can we be more tax-efficient?” and looking for ways to do that. And I just saw the other day that they’re estimating about 40 trillion is what’s sitting out there in uncollected taxes on traditional IRAs or 401(k)s. The government’s kind of salivating over this estimated $40 trillion as people go through these retirement accounts and start to pull the money out or whatever the case is. So, certainly places where you could have those conversations and hopefully be more tax-efficient. So, again, if you need the help with that, make sure you’re talking to a qualified professional like John and Nick.


Marc Killian: What about flirting with disaster, guys, when it comes to just no plan at all for long-term care expenses? This one obviously is going to be even more complicated, but most people just ignore it. I know it’s a daunting subject sometimes for folks, but there’s things you can do.


John Teixeira: Yeah. So, you’re right on that. Most people do ignore it. And there are some options out there. They used to be much better. Unfortunately, they’ve kind of gotten just not as strong. 10 years ago, you could get a really good policy from a good provider. And nowadays, a lot of these providers have left the space in essence and they’re not offering it anymore.


John Teixeira: So, what we’ve kind of seen more is kind of, and Nick goes through this part in the class, some hybrid vehicles where it’s a life insurance and a long-term care policy kind of bundled up in one. We’ve had situations where, from a planning standpoint, maybe getting… it’s very hard to qualify for it so we’ve had to put in some buffers to self-insure. Again, not covering the whole cost of it, but just trying to help out in the event that something were to happen. It’s very important, just limited options out there currently, but it’s definitely worth exploring your situation to see what fits for you.


Marc Killian: Yeah. And I imagine you’re going to exacerbate that by not having the conversation. So, if the options are becoming a little bit more limited and you’re also not taking the time to discuss it, you could be putting yourself even further behind the proverbial eight ball. So, definitely have those conversations. Don’t just stick our head in the sand, especially when it comes to long-term care expenses, whether it’s the 2 out of every 3 people or 7 out of every 10. Whatever the case is, it’s happening more and more because we’re living longer. So, we therefore have to deal with those outcomes that come with it.


Marc Killian: One more here, guys, on some places we can flirt with disaster. And then we’ll probably wrap up with an email question that we got into the site as well. But that’s the classic 60/40 portfolio. First, just run it down for us, what that is for folks. And then why might you flirt with disaster on that?


Nick McDevitt: Sure. So, there’s a little bit of jargon in there, of course. We try to stay away from it as much as possible. But a 60/40 portfolio is what’s considered 60% stock, 40% fixed income or bonds. And it’s tricky because really, the way that people invested a short while ago was different than the way that people are investing now. And really, what also happens… so, for example, these last few years, as bond yields or returns from bonds have gone down, people have kind of flirted a little bit more with taking more risk on the stock side. And so, it’s really important to make sure that when you are evaluating your overall portfolio and looking at how much risk you’re willing to take, that you really understand how these different parts work and move together.


Nick McDevitt: So, really, what it boils down to is that it’s important for you to have a liquidation order. So, for example, what some people used to do is, “Hey, I’m going to have a 60/40 portfolio. I’m going to pull from my account every single month without any sort of strategic plan on how I’m going to pull that money out or where it’s pulling from.” And when we have corrections in the market or volatility in the market, where we’ll see people really suffer is let’s say they had a million-dollar portfolio. We get a big pullback. All of a sudden, your statement debt, two months ago said a million bucks, says 800,000 or 750,000 now. It can make you or prompt people to overreact to the market.


Nick McDevitt: And then once that overreaction happens, basically you’re locking up your losses. You’re selling at lows. Then you’re going to want to buy back at highs. And so, it’s really, really important to make sure that the portfolio and the allocation that you have lines up with truly how much risk you’re willing to take.


Marc Killian: Yeah. John, it seems as though the 40% in bonds… I mean, the bond market’s been just as volatile as of late for a while. So, that seems like maybe one of those rules of thumb that might be a bit antiquated, going with that standard 60/40. But again, everybody’s scenario is different, so, like a lot of things, I imagine that it might be fine for some and not for others.


John Teixeira: Yeah, of course. And, like we say, we really want to start with a plan for the client and dictate the investment options and strategy based on that plan. There are some other what we consider fixed income vehicles that can kind of substitute the bond market that we’ve been utilizing when necessary. And, again, works for some people; doesn’t work for others. But it’s good to know your options and how it works for you.


Marc Killian: Yeah. Versus trying to see-


Nick McDevitt: And just to your point there, Marc, too-


Marc Killian: Oh, go ahead.


Nick McDevitt: … as far as the bond side of things. In general, as interest rates go up, bond prices go down. And so, one of the ways that we have built around that, just for clients, for those people listening that are clients, are essentially creating bond ladders in their portfolios that aren’t as negatively impacted as rates do continue to go up. So, there are ways to work and to build around these things, but typically, especially people that are holding this money in their 401(k)s, those sorts of things, there may be significant limitations to how they can adjust to them there. And that’s where they can get in trouble.


Marc Killian: Yeah, no, great points. Exactly. I mean, that’s kind of the point of doing the podcast as well, is to share some of these things for not only existing clients, but obviously for potential clients that might be listening to the show and just hopefully offering some good nuggets of information along the way.


Marc Killian: And with that said, that’s going to kind of wrap up our flirting with disaster. Again, five areas where you can jump on these things and maybe get these corrected pretty easily. At least a couple of them, for sure. And the other ones, it’s worth having those conversations with an advisor, if you’re not working with one, on how to be as efficient as possible.


Marc Killian: With that said, let’s wrap up with an email question this week. Again, if you’d like to stop by the website, we certainly encourage you to do so at pfgprivatewealth.com. A lot of good tools, tips and resources there. While you’re there, you could subscribe to the podcast on Apple, Google, Spotify or whatever platform you use. You can also drop the guys a line as well at pfgprivatewealth.com.


Marc Killian: And here is an email from Andy who says, “How much of my portfolio, guys, is it okay to have invested in just one stock? I’m sitting on about 2 million, but almost half of it is with one company.”


Nick McDevitt: Well, that’s enough to have a panic attack. So, usually, if you’re asking if you have too much in one place, you do. But all kind of joking aside, where we typically see this sort of thing happen is in one of two situations.


Nick McDevitt: So, situation number one, was inherited from a parent. And maybe that parent worked for a company for many, many years or they invested in that company for a long period of time. And now, all of a sudden, that money has ballooned into a big amount. And due to a combination of tax rules and laws, plus sentimental value, all of a sudden, that holding makes up a significant portion of the underlying portfolio.


Nick McDevitt: And option number two is just somebody that has worked for a company for a long time, 30, 40 years. They’ve been buying the company stock for years and years and years. And maybe the stock has performed well and there’s this kind of emotional and financial attachment to it. And so, in this situation, oftentimes what we’ll do is we’ll show them a comparison of that stock to the S&P 500, for example. And oftentimes, the S&P 500 itself has performed similarly or even a little bit better. And we’ll show them like, “Hey, look at, you can have the same sort of upside potential or growth potential by holding an ETF or an index fund versus just holding that one stock and protect yourself a lot more.”


Nick McDevitt: And another question that we’ll pose to them sometimes that we’ve gotten good results from in the past was, “Okay. So, if I was going to hand you a $2 million lottery ticket and you were going to invest that money, would you spend half of it on one stock?” And the answer is usually a cross-eyed look like, “No, are you crazy?” And so, that’s exactly the same sort of thought process, where usually it’s just way more risk than somebody needs to take. There’s ways to still have similar performance and reduce the risk by quite a bit. And it’s just not really worth it at that point in time, is typically the case.


Marc Killian: All right. Great question, Andy. Thank you so much for submitting that into the show. I know it’s cliche, but as your grandmama might’ve said, “Don’t have all your eggs in one basket.” So, have those conversations. And certainly, you’re thinking about it, to Nick’s point, if you took the time to drop an email to the show here. You’re obviously probably already thinking that direction anyway. So, follow up. Have a conversation with some qualified professionals like John and Nick from PFG Private Wealth.


Marc Killian: And that’s going to do it this week for us on the podcast. Thanks for your time as always. We appreciate it. Always check out with a qualified professional, as I mentioned, before you take any action on anything you hear on this show or any other. And you can find it all at pfgprivatewealth.com. For John, for Nick, we’ll see you next time here on the show. Thanks for your time. We’ll talk to you later.

Ep 31: Where Crisis & Opportunity Meet

On This Episode

To write the Chinese word for “crisis,” you combine elements of two different Chinese characters. One character means “danger” while the other one means “opportunity.” Translated into English, it means “opportunity riding on a dangerous wind.” Let’s discuss how some of these crises might actually be opportunities, depending on your situation and perspective.

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Disclaimer:

PFG Private Wealth Management, LLC is an SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Information presented is for educational purposes only and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any specific securities, investments, or investment strategies. The topics and information discussed during this podcast are not intended to provide tax or legal advice. Investments involve risk, and unless otherwise stated, are not guaranteed. Be sure to first consult with a qualified financial advisor and/or tax professional before implementing any strategy discussed on this podcast. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. Insurance products and services are offered and sold through individually licensed and appointed insurance agents.

Here is a transcript of today’s episode:

 

Marc: Time for another edition of the podcast. Thanks for hanging out with us as we talk investing finance and retirement here on Retirement Planning – Redefined with John and Nick from PFG Private Wealth, and we’re going to talk about when crisis meets opportunity here on this episode of the podcast. But first I’ll say hi to the guys, and then we’ll dive into what that means. What’s going on, Nick? How are you?

 

Nick: Oh, doing well, doing well. It’s been a really busy start to the year. People are anxious to kind of check in and go over things and all that kind of stuff, so we’re enjoying catching up with everybody and just kind of walking them through where we are and how things are going.

 

Marc: Good. Yeah. As the first quarter winds down, I imagine that’s the case. John, what’s going on with you, my friend?

 

John: Oh, not too much. As Nick mentioned, just a very busy start to the year, so yeah, get in touch with everyone has been good. And I think the last time we said the weather’s starting to warm up around here, so we have two or three months of some really nice weather, then it’s going to get scorching hot. So just try and enjoy the nice 70s to 80s for the time being.

 

Marc: There you go. Exactly. Well, so what we’re talking about this week here on the podcast is some people view certain things that are going to happen to us in retirement, or that happen to us in general, when it comes to our financial lives as a crisis, and other look at it as an opportunity, right? So I’m going to give you guys a couple here. I’ll let you guys expound on those based on what you see or what you do, and we’ll just discuss some of these ways that these crises, if you will, might actually be an opportunity, a good way for you to look at it, maybe change your perspective just a bit.

 

Marc: Now, John, I know we’re in totally different spaces when it comes to this, you and I, but I am an empty nester. I’ve been one now for, well, actually about two and a half years going on three years. But for some parents the idea of empty nest is a very joyous one. My wife and I were pretty surprised at ourselves. We were like, “Sweet. We love her, but bye, do your thing, have a good time.” And for others, obviously, there’s a very sad attachment and sometimes they have trouble with it. But from a financial standpoint, what’s some things to think about here?

 

John: Some of the things you can think about is definitely your cash flow. I would assume for the most part is now you have a little extra cash flow. So from a financial standpoint, I think, in the last session we talked about in the 50s having a little bit extra money to save.

 

Marc: Right.

 

John: We see that quite a bit when kids are out of college. You’re no longer paying for college bills. Your electricity, water bills, maybe gone down a little bit.

 

Marc: Cell phone.

 

John: And the big one is groceries.

 

Marc: Groceries.

 

John: That really shot down for certain people here, and it really gives you an opportunity to either save some more for retirement or go on some more vacations and travel, you know?

 

Marc: That’s a good point. Nick, I wasn’t trying to leave you out there, but I know that you don’t have any little ones yet, so I just was getting John’s take on that. What do you see though, from a planning aspect?

 

Nick: Yeah, it’s interesting because we almost see this happen in kind of like two phases. So, for a lot of our clients, the first phase is when the kids go away to school. It’s kind of like … Or even from the standpoint of when the last kid goes away to school, so there’s that period of time where they’re away at school, but they’ll come home on breaks, and maybe during the summer they stay at home, and so there’s a little bit of adjustment. But while they may not be at home, they may still be on the payroll per se?

 

Marc: Right.

 

Nick: And then there’s that kind of full shift into, all right, they’re gone, they’re off the payroll and what now sort of thing. And for some, depending upon the age that they are, that’s where grandkids may come into play. And so there’s a little bit of a transition where maybe you’re watching the grandkids a couple of days a week, and people tend to kind of like having some sort of interim between they’re being a crazy household versus an empty household.

 

Nick: But really that recapture of money that was being spent, saving it, putting it away, so that’s one of the most effective tools I would say that we have to kind of help people with this process is if we’re able to show people. Maybe they’re somewhere from five to eight years out from retirement and it’s like, “All right, our expenses have dropped by a thousand dollars a month with the kids kind of shifting out of the house. We had originally planned to retire at 65, but if we save this thousand dollars a month, is there a chance that we could retire at 62, 63, 64?”

 

Nick: And so, kind of going through a planning process and showing them like, “Hey, yeah, in some cases, if we can recapture those dollars, if we can put that money away, we can get you into that next phase of life a little bit quicker.” There’s a huge relief for many people that comes with that where there’s less … Even if they are going to continue to work, knowing that they may not necessarily have to work, there’s a huge kind of mental relief that we see in people. And so I’ve seen that really alleviate some of that mindset change quite a bit.

 

Marc: Gotcha. Yeah. And so whether you view the empty-nest syndrome as a crisis because you’re like, “What are we going to do? We’re all by ourselves.” And maybe it’s a standpoint of you got to spend more time with your spouse. It’s just the two of you. Who knows what your viewpoint is? But at the same time, you could look at it as an opportunity to maybe put away more for retirement, whether it’s they’re half off the payroll, completely off the payroll, to both of the guys’ points here. So try to find the opportunity in that versus necessarily the crisis.

 

Marc: All right, so let’s move to the next one, guys, and that is market downturns or market crashes. You know, obviously they’re going to be stressful no matter what happens. I mean, just what we saw a year ago now last March with the downturn due to the pandemic. And so I get where the crisis can come into play, so what some things to think about in the event that we want to try to turn that mindset into more of an opportunity?

 

John: Yeah, so when we have downturns in the market, a good opportunity is really buying into it. It’s like you have a store that’s going out of business and they have their going out of business sale and you kind of jump in there and see what they have that you can get at a very discounted price. Same thing with stocks.

 

John: I mean, just to give an example of one, and I kind of use this in the class, because I feel like I’m always there, is Disney. Their stock dropped quite a bit last March when we started to shut down, and that was a great buying opportunity if you had some cash on the sideline to take advantage of it, because it’s really skyrocketed since then. And I’m just using Disney as an example. There’s a lot of other ones as well that we can discuss, but you know, if you’re … position yourself to really take advantage of a market crash, you can really put yourself ahead and when the things rebound. So, there’s definitely some opportunity in market crashes.

 

Marc: I think people sometimes immediately latch on to the paranoia side of it. But if you had a good plan in place, it might not feel as much of a crisis, I guess.

 

Nick: You know, one of the conversations that we’ll have with clients as they do shift into retirement, for those that may be a little bit skittish about the market in general, or if we have concerns that some market volatility will kind of derail them from their plan, just maybe overall that the market stresses them out a little bit, what we’ll do is kind of figure out. Like, “Hey, how many months of expenses will make … If we hold X amount of months in cash to cover expenses, will that put you in a place where you’ll feel comfortable?” Because with a crash there’s two parts. Number one is to not bail and to cash out at a loss. Number two is if you have cash handy to put that cash, like John said, and enter it into the market and take advantage of the upside. It can be significant.

 

Nick: So for clients that are fully retired, being able to have some of that cash set aside to be able to take advantage of opportunities, and also prevent them from acting in a way that is not good for them longterm can be important. And for those clients that are actually still working and still actively saving into accounts, saving on a monthly basis or on a consistent bi-weekly basis helps, whether it be [inaudible 00:08:23] cost averaging is what a lot of people know it as, helps you buy in at times when the market’s low or at a discount, once it bounces back, you can really bounce back in a significant way, and make a difference.

 

John: Yeah, So another opportunity you can do in a market crash is really do some Roth conversions on IRA assets.

 

Marc: Good point.

 

John: So what you would do is … And I think we’ve discussed this in kind of one of our last sessions. But now that this has come back up, it’s probably a good time to bring it up again, is if your IRA balance drops, that could be a good opportunity to convert it and pay less taxes on a lower balance at that point in time.

 

Marc: Okay. All right. Certainly some good points to think of, and again, we’re trying to show some areas, silver linings, if you will, where something might feel like a crisis or seem like a crisis, but maybe there’s an opportunity there to be had. And of course, a lot of that comes down to, as I mentioned, just having a good plan in place that’ll help you alleviate some of those feelings because you’ll know what to expect as you’re walking into some of these scenarios.

 

Marc: Number three, guys, maybe a little bit tougher, obviously, to plan for, but still something that has to happen. And this is one that I think just gets avoided mostly because people are afraid to talk about it, but it’s long-term care, and maybe that’s the crisis is the continual rate hikes or something like that.

 

Nick: Yeah. With clients that have long-term care policies, we try to make sure that we explain, and when we do our classes, we walk through this section. We try to make sure that we explain so that they fully understand that premiums for traditional long-term care policies can go up, and anybody that’s really purchased a policy in the last decade is really starting to see that now. And so, those policies do have what are called non-forfeiture options, so they have the ability to either keep their premium the same and reduce benefits, or pay more and keep their benefits the same. And we really try to take it on a case-by-case basis, but it’s important to take it into consideration and understand because it is absolutely a factor that can impact the overall planning, and is just really another reason that when you’re planning for expenses for clients, building in buffers on expenses and making sure that the plan works well, this is an important space to make sure that you cover.

 

Marc: Yeah, certainly some good points. And sometimes maybe it’s just a good reminder, a kick in the tush that we sometimes need, to just look at some of the things we’re a little bit afraid of addressing. And nobody likes thinking about it, but it is part of life, so it’s certainly worth having a conversation.

 

Marc: One more here guys, and that is the crisis, and we saw this obviously a lot in the last 18 months or so of downturns, getting laid off, in this case, whole industries really suffering due to the pandemic. It’s certainly going to be tougher to look for opportunities there, but from a retirement standpoint, and we’re not necessarily talking about people that are in their 20s or 30s or 40s, but from a retirement standpoint, any things we can try to find here to turn that into an opportunity? Maybe getting laid off early, the first thing that would pop into my mind is that if you had a good plan in place, you’d be able to know if that’s necessarily a bad thing or a good thing. It might just be saying, “Okay, well, it’s time for me to go ahead and retire and I know I’m going to be okay.”

 

John: We’ve seen that situation’s come up recently where we’ve had clients laid off and it’s like, “Hey, Nick, John, let’s get together to do a meeting.” And in the meeting, it’s, “All right, let’s look at how the plan looks without you working currently,” and we find out it doesn’t look as bad as they thought, and it kind of makes them feel a bit better about their current situation.

 

John: We’ve also had some other scenarios where maybe it doesn’t look great, but it’s, “Hey, you don’t need to go work full time anywhere. You can go find something that you enjoy to do and maybe work part time and the plan still looks solid.” So, that’s something to just keep an eye on is if you are laid off, you don’t necessarily need to get back to the income that you were making before. Maybe you can now go do something else that maybe you enjoy more or a second career, and maybe at part time, your plan still works. And that’s where it’s important to plan ahead and make sure that you have the ability to make decisions and be able to monitor those.

 

Nick: Yeah, I would add, in reality for somebody that’s within a couple of years of retirement, the money that they are going to save in those years, if they’ve done pretty well up until that point … So, let’s say for example, somebody is planning on retiring at 65 and they get laid off at 63. Well, the money that they were going to save between 63 and 65 wasn’t going to have a huge, huge impact on their overall plan and make it rapidly improve. However, not having to dip into the money that they’ve saved in those couple of years will be important. So kind of along the lines of what John said, it’s like, “Hey, if we can …” We’ll go through the plan and say, “Maybe you’re used to making a hundred grand a year, but if you can find something making 40 or 50 that can help you avoid having to dip into your accounts, let your accounts to continue to grow, and even if you can’t save for these next couple of years, it lets you hold the line, that can be really a win-win and make an impact.”

 

Nick: So between that and kind of sticking with the fundamentals of trying to make sure that you have six plus months of expenses in cash and really kind of the tried-and-true things from a planning standpoint, can help people get through that. And we’ve also seen people kind of have a sense of relief where they were getting burned out at work. They weren’t really happy there anymore. They didn’t realize how much it was taking out of them and just literally a month or two to regroup kind of refreshes them, and they end up in an opportunity that’s a lot better than the one that they were in anyways.

 

Marc: Yeah. Some great points for sure. I mean, try to find that opportunity in it. Maybe if you’re lucky enough to have a position where a pension was involved, maybe they’ve offered you a lump sum buyout, whatever the case is, or the monthly. So, it’s worth having those conversations to find out where you stand, because it may not be that crisis that you initially thought it was.

 

Marc: But it’s the gut punch when you first find that out, sure. But if you’ve got a plan in place or you go and you find out and you have those numbers run, you may certainly find, to the guys’s point, that you could be in better shape than you realized. And it’s interesting that the way you guys phrase that, because my brother’s actually right there now. He’s 63 and he’s going to be … They’re going to be closing up the business here that he works for in the next couple of months. And so he’s at that cusp as well, and he’s like, “Well, I’m going to take a look at my numbers again.” And so he sat down and talked with his advisor, and he’s like, “I think I can just go to part time,” to John’s point, “and just do some things that I want to do now.” There’s a couple of little hobby ideas he’s been thinking about doing.

 

Marc: So you never know, right? You got to look for the opportunity where you can. And it’s hard to sometimes not focus on the crisis, but with a good strong plan in place, that’ll certainly help you do that. And that’s kind of the whole point. That’s one of the reasons we do the podcast is to shine some light on some areas to think about that.

 

Marc: And you’ve been listening to Retirement Planning – Redefined. Stop by the website at PFGprivatewealth.com. Check out the guys there. A lot of good tools, tips, and resources. You can contact them to come in for a consultation or review or talk about your situation. You can find the podcast there, subscribe to it that way, or drop us an email here as well on the program. And we’ve got one this week we’re going to wrap up with. Jane has a question for you guys. She says, “It’s about 401k funds. If I don’t use the target date retirement fund, is there a certain number of funds that I should allocate within my 401k? I don’t want to under or over diversify. Is there a right number of funds or does it really just depend?”

 

John: Our answer to almost everything is, “It always just depends.” It sounds like Jane, she’s not doing the prebuilt kind of option, which is the target date, and is looking just to really build her own portfolio, which is fine. But it’s really more important as far as how many funds you have to get into the right asset classes. So, 401ks do a really good job of making sure that you have a lot of different asset classes to choose from. And when I say asset classes, large cap, small cap, bond funds, international, that’s the way you want to diversify within a portfolio.

 

John: It really comes down to your risk tolerance, which again, with the 401k platforms, they typically have a questionnaire for you when you sign up or on the website. And then once you determine that, I’m just throwing it out there, if you’re moderate, then you’re going to want a certain mix of those asset classes to make sure you have a good portfolio for you. Easier said than done, so it’s really important to work with a financial professional to make sure that you have the right number of funds and you’re diversified in the right asset classes for your situation.

 

Marc: All right, there you go. Thank you so much for the question. We certainly appreciate it. And you know, every situation’s a bit different. There’s universal truths to apply to all of us, and that’s one of the reasons, again, we do the podcast to share some of those things, but every situation can be uniquely different when it comes to retirement planning. So, reach out to the team and give them a call if you have some questions at (813) 286-7776.

 

Marc: Don’t forget to subscribe to us at Retirement Planning – Redefined on Apple, Google, Spotify, iHeart, Stitcher, so on and so forth. You can find all the information at PFGprivatewealth.com. Guys, thanks for your time this week. I appreciate it as always. John, have yourself a great week. Nick, you as well, my friend.

 

Nick: Thanks, Marc. Thanks.

 

John: Have a good one. Thanks.

 

Marc: We’ll talk to you a little bit later here on the program. This is Retirement Planning – Redefined.